What are conditionals in English grammar? Sometimes we call them ‘if clauses’. They describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn’t (in the past).
Today we will speak about three types of Conditionals.
0 type. If (present simple) + (present simple)
We use it for facts and general truth, for something that is always true.
For example, If you touch a fire, you get burned. People die if they don’t eat.If babies are hungry, they cry
1 type. If (present simple) + (future simple)
We use it to talk about things which might happen in the future, it´s very probable that it will happen, we are quite certain, the situation is real.
For example, If I study today, I‘ll go to the party tonight. If I see her, I‘ll tell her. She‘ll miss the bus if she doesn’t leave soon.
Type 2. If (past simple) + would V1
First, we can use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I’m imagining some dream for example.
Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it’s not true. Is that clear? Have a look at the examples:
If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won’t win the lottery).She would pass the exam if she ever studied.(She never studies, so this won’t happen). If I had his number, I would call him. (I don’t have his number now, so it’s impossible for me to call him).If I were you, I wouldn’t go out with that man.