VOCABULARY 12: CLIMATE CHANGE

VOCABULARY 12: CLIMATE CHANGE

Hello ladies and gentlemen! Today we´re going to talk about an urgent topic: climate change. In the last century the average global temperature on Earth has increased and it will cause flooding of coasts. That´s a drama. Lots of people and animals can´t be able to adapt to this. What are the main causes of climate change? What can we do to stop global warming? If you want to learn some useful vocabulary, you must read this post. Go on!

To begin with, what´s climate change? Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns that define global climates. Global warming is one of its main aspects.

And…, what´s global warming?

Global warming is the process of our planet heating up. The Earth has warmed by an average of 1º C in the 20th century and it means some coastal areas will disappear under the sea. Coasts are usually very populated so this will be a drama. Can you imagine Cadiz disappearing? I do not.

WHAT CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE?

1.  Burning fossil fuels –> It originates the majority of greenhouse gases.

2. Farming –> It originates greenhouse gases and turn forests into agricultural land.

3. Deforestation –>If the trees are cut down and burned they release carbon dioxide into the air.

WAYS TO STOP GLOBAL WARMING

It can seem that the problem is really difficult to solve and there is nothing we can do to help the environment. But if we all make small changes in our daily lives, we can make a big difference. Here you have some examples.

1. Drive less. Walk, ride a bike, use public transport…

2. Recycle your household waste. Reuse empty containers and packaging when possible. We throw away five billion containers every year! Separate plastic, paper and metal items.

3. Use less (hot) water (by taking shorter and cooler showers). A five-minute shower uses 35 litres of water. Besides, don´t leave the tap running when you brush your teeth. Use a glass of water instead.

4. Avoid products with a lot of packaging. Don´t always buy food that comes in cans or plastic packaging. Instead of buying pre-packed sandwiches, make your own! Moreover, take lunch in a tupperware.

5. Buy and consume fresh, organic food and drink, especially things produced locally. This reduces the need for long-distance food transport and saves energy.

6. Plant a tree.

7. Turn off electronic devices (TV, DVD player, computer…) and save energy.

8. Wear warm clothes at home instead of using central heating. Central heating produces about 4 tonnes of carbon dioxide a year.

9. Use clothesline to dry your clothes (don´t use the dryer).

10. Don´t eat hamburgers. Producing beefs releases a big amount of greenhouse gases.

KEY TERMS

1. Greenhouse gas: a chemical compound found in the Earth´s atmosphere.

2. Greenhouse effect: the Earth´s atmosphere becames thick with gases, making the Earth warmer.

3. Carbon dioxide (CO2): the primary greenhouse gas.

4. Global warming: an increase in the Earth´s average surface temperature.

5. Emissions: greenhouse gases released into the air

6. Fossil fuels: sources of non-renewable energy formed from the remains of living organisms that were buried millions of years ago.

7. Renewable energy: energy that comes from natural resources (such as wind, waves, sunlight or geothermal heat).

8. Sea-level rise: more water is released into the ocean as glaciers melt.

9. Methane: the main component of natural gas.

10. Climate: the average of weather patterns over a long period of time (30 years or more).

And that´s all for today.

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