VOCABULARY 10: HISTORY AND POLITICS

VOCABULARY 10: HISTORY AND POLITICS

Hello students! How is it going? If you could travel in time, what period of history would you have liked to live in? Which historical character would you have liked to meet? On the other hand, what was the most significant historical event of the last century for your country? Are you able to talk about history and politics? If not, you must read this post. Go on!

In a writing/speaking exam, sometimes you have to talk about history and politics, especially in B2 exams. That could be a difficult task because a lot of people today are not interested in politics. Why? Maybe because there are no charismatic politicians! The fact is that you must know some vocabulary related to queens, kings and prime ministers if you want to pass your exam.

-What do you think about how you were / are taught history at school?

-What is your favourite historical film or novel?

-Do women make better political leaders than men?

-In a general election, should it be compulsory for everyone to vote?

These are some of the questions you may have to answer in a exam. Go on and read some useful vocabulary!

HISTORY

-History (historia), story (relato ficticio), legend (leyenda, relato relacionado con la historia)

-Heir /Heiress to the throne (Heredero, heredera al trono)

-King / Queen (Rey, reina)

-Kingdom (Reino)

-Battle (Batalla)

-The Pope (El Papa)

-The Knights of the Round Table (Los caballeros de la Mesa Redonda)

-Monarchy (Monarquía)

-Dictatorship (Dictadura)

-Dictator (Dictador)

-Republic (República)

-Civil War (Guerra Civil)

-Defeat (Derrota)

-Leader (Líder)

-Revolution (Revolución)

-Surrended (Rendirse)

-Arms / Weaponry (Armas, arsenal)

-Execute (Ejecutar)

-Axe (Hacha)

-Take place (Tener lugar). E.g. This battle took place in 1600…

-To be crowned (Ser coronado/a). E.g. Harold had been crowned King of England.

-Invade (Invadir). E.g. William decided to invade England to claim his kingdom.

-Army (Ejército).

-Soldiers (Soldados)

-Fight (Luchar). E.g. The armies fought a terrible battle.

-Run away (Huir)

-Reign (Reinar). E.g. The next king reigned for 20 years.

-Royal family (La familia real)

POLITICS

-MP: Member of Parliament (Miembro del parlamento)

-PM: Prime Minister (Primer Ministro)

-Politician (Político)

-Policy (Política)

-President (Presidente)

-Former president (Antiguo, anterior presidente)

-Congress (Congreso)

-Political Parties (Partidos políticos)

-Left-wing party / right-wing party (Partido de la izquierda / partido de la derecha)

-Citizens (Ciudadanos). E.g. All citizens who are over 18 can vote.

-Elections (Elecciones)

-Ideology (Ideología)

-Swing vote (Voto indefinido, que no está claro)

-Campaign (Hacer campaña política)

-Autonomous government (Gobierno autónomo)

-Lame duck (Fracaso, informal)

-Bipartisan (Bipartito)

-Coalition (Coalición)

-Democracy (Democracia)

-Law (Ley)

-Opposition (Partido de la oposición)

-Polling day (Día de las elecciones / votaciones)

-Vote (Votar)

-Budget (Presupuesto)

-Congress (Congreso)

-Referendum (Referéndum)

And that´s all for today.

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