Hello everybody! How about your summer holidays? Can you tell us a story that happened in July or August? A funny or a terrifying one? Imagine you´re doing an exam and you have to write a narrative about your holidays (or any other thing!). How can you do that? If you need some writing tips, this post is written for you. Are you ready? Come on!
1.To write a past narrative you have to use narrative tenses like: past continuous, past perfect simple, past perfect countinuous and pas simple.
2.You have to use PAST CONTINUOUS to set the scene of the story.
E.g. The sun was just beggining to appear over the buildings and I was making my way home…
3.You have to use PAST PERFECT SIMPLE to describe events happening before the main events of the story.
E.g. Lisa had attacked Tom´s brother.
4.You also have to use PAST PERFECT SIMPLE to clarify that one event in the story happened before another.
E.g. They had had a fight earlier.
5.You have to use PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS to describe actions continuing up to a point in the past.
E.g. They had been walking for over an hour.
6. You have to use PAST SIMPLE to describe the main events of the story.
E.g. They went in and ordered a coffee. / Two hours later the two friends arrived back at the state.
7.You have to plan the story as follows:
A) SETTING THE SCENE
Where and when the story take place?
What was happening and what was he /she doing?
What had happened before the story started?
B) TELLING THE STORY
What exactly happened to make the person change his/her behaviour?
How did he /she feel? How did he / she react?
C) FINISHING THE STORY
What happened at the end?
When writing a narrative, you have to link the events in the story. You can use these linking devices:
WHILE, e.g. He broke into the car while his friend kept watch for the police.
WHICH, e.g. He found himself face to face with a guard dog, which started growling at him.
WHEN, e.g. They had just got into the car when a stranger started tapping on the window.
ONLY TO DISCOVER, e.g. He got out his wallet only to discover that he had left his credit card at home.
THAN THERE WAS, e.g. No sooner had he turned out the light than there was a knock on the door.
Other useful language
IT WAS FIVE IN THE MORNING…
JUST THEN,.. SUDDENLY… ALL OF A SUDDEN,..
TWO HOURS LATER…
IT WAS AT THAT MOMENT THAT…
JUST AS HE WAS LEAVING…
JUST IN THE NICK OF TIME… (JUST IN TIME)
When writing a narrative you have to choose the most appropiate words to describe feelings. Here you have some useful words and phrases.
TO MY UTTER HORROR / AMUSEMENT /CONSTERNATION
e.g. When I turned on the computer, I discovered to my utter horror that I had lost the document I had been working on for the last three years.
e.g. Having arrived home, I realized to my consternation that I had left my keys inside the house.
IMAGINE MY RELIEF / EMBARRASSMENT
e.g. Imagine my embarrassment when I discovered that I had arrived at work wearing my slippers.
TO MY GREAT ANNOYANCE /DELIGHT / ASTONISHMENT /DISMAY.
e.g. To my great annoyance, the children started pouring cola all over my new white sofa.
e.g. I asked my boss for a rise and to my great astonishment he agreed.
And that’s all for today. Are you able to write a NARRATIVE now? If so, leave us a comment, and, as always, thanks for visiting our blog!