VOCABULARY 4: HEALTH, ILLNESS AND TREATMENT

VOCABULARY 4: HEALTH, ILLNESS AND TREATMENT

Hi people! How are you this week? ‘Health, illness and treatment’ is our topic for today. Imagine you don´t feel well. What can you do? Maybe you should make an appointment to see your family doctor (GP) at the local health centre. If so, would you be able to explain your symptoms to him/her? No? Then, you´ll probably have an interest in this post. Here we´re going to show you some useful vocabulary to talk about medicine. Go on!

SYMPTOMS / INJURIES

Your family doctor (GP) will ask you: -What´s the matter with you? What´s wrong with Kate / David?

Your answers:

-I don´t feel weel. / I feel ill. / I feel unwell. / I feel sick.

-He´s being sick.

-He´s sneezing a lot.

-He feels dizzy.

-His ankle is swollen. /His ankle is broken.

-Her knee hurts.

-Her knee aches.

-Her finger is bleeding.

-Her back hurts / aches.

-She/ he has /has got… a temperature.

-She/ he has /has got… a cough.

-She/ he has /has got… a headache.

-She/ he has /has got… a stomachache.

-She/ he has /has got… a earache.

-She/ he has /has got… a rash.

-She/ he has /has got… a blister.

-She/ he has /has got… a pain in his/ her chest.

-She´s uncounscious.

-She has a sore throat.

-He has diarrhoea.

-He fainted.

-He´s burnt himself.

-He has a bruise on his toe.

MEDICAL CONDITIONS 

– To be pregnant.

– To have an allergy. E.g. He´s allergic to cats.

-To have flu. / To have caught a cold.

-To have a chronic illness.

-To have a stroke.

-To have a heart attack.

-To have a virus.

-To take an overdose.

-To have asthma.

-To have high/ low pressure.

-To have food poisoning.

TREATMENT

There are two possibilities: 1. Go to the doctor. 2. Go to hospital.

Go to the doctor (GP)

  1. The doctor will examine you and ask what symptoms you have.
  2. He may take your pulse and temperature or take your blood pressure.
  3. Then he will usually make a diagnosis and decide how to treat you.
  4. He may prescribe you some medicine to cure your illness. –>He/She may tell you to take some antibiotics or painkillers. –> He /She may tell you to stay at home and rest or to go to hospital to visit a specialist (or have more tests, for example, X-rays).
  5. You take the prescription to the chemist´s or pharmacy, where the chemist will usually give you some tablets / pills. In that case, you have to read the instructions carefully in case there are any side effects.
  6. With a treatment you will normally get better in a few days.
  7. If you´re seriously ill, you may need to go to hospital and have an operation. You may need several weeks to get over the operation.

Go to hospital to A&E (Accident and Emergency)

You may have to have…

  1. stitches (if you have a very deep cut).
  2. an X-ray or scan to see if anything is broken.
  3. an injection.
  4. a bandage.
  5. an operation done.

ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

-Homeopathic –> using plants and herbs.

-Acupunture –> using needles.

-Massage –> touching/ pressing the body.

-Osteopathy –> touching / pressing the bones /muscles.

FINAL NOTES:

-She´s in hospital. (She´s sick)

-She´s at the hospital. (In this case, she could be a doctor).

 

…and that´s all for today!

Now, could you talk about MEDICINE in a conversation? Yes or no? Are you healthy? Remember that it´s a good idea to have a medical check-uo once a year.

Thanks for visiting us. Happy Wednesday!

teacher
teacher